Fistulizing anoperineal lesions are severe complications of Crohn’s disease (CD) that affect quality of life with a long-term risk of anal sphincter destruction, incontinence, permanent stoma, and anal cancer. Despite several surgical procedures, they relapse in about two-thirds of patients, mandating innovative treatments. Ultrasmall particles of iron oxide (USPIO) have been described to achieve in vivo rapid healing of deep wounds in the skin and liver of rats thanks to their nanobridging capability that could be adapted to fistula treatment. Our main purpose was to highlight preclinical data with USPIO for the treatment of perianal fistulizing CD. Twenty male Sprague Dawley rats with severe 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid solution (TNBS)-induced proctitis were operated to generate two perianal fistulas per rat. At day 35, two inflammatory fistulas were obtained per rat and perineal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed. After a baseline MRI, a fistula tract was randomly drawn and topically treated either with saline or with USPIO for 1 min (n = 17 for each). The rats underwent a perineal MRI on postoperative days (POD) 1, 4, and 7 and were sacrificed for pathological examination. The primary outcome was the filling or closure of the fistula tract, including the external or internal openings. USPIO treatment allowed the closure and/or filling of all the treated fistulas from its application until POD 7 in comparison with the control fistulas (23%). The treatment with USPIO was safe, permanently closed the fistula along its entire length, including internal and external orifices, and paved new avenues for the treatment of perianal fistulizing Crohn’s disease.
A Preclinical Validation of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Treatment of Perianal Fistulizing Crohn’s Disease
Int J Mol Sci.
Date de publication : 01 août 2022
Cazelles Antoine Collard Maxime Yoann Lalatonne Doblas Sabrina Zappa Magaly Camélia Labiad Cazals-Hatem Dominique Maggiori Leon Treton Xavier Panis Yves Ulrich Jarry Thomas Desvallées Pierre-Antoine Eliat Raphaël Pineau Laurence Motte Didier Letourneur Teresa Simon-Yarza Ogier-Denis Eric