Abstract

Neutrophils are key cells of the innate immune and inflammatory responses. They are the first blood cells to migrate to the infection site where they release high amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and several peptides and enzymes required for microbial killing. However, excessive neutrophil activation can induce tissue injury participating in inflammation, thus the characterization of the enzymes involved in neutrophil activation could help to identify new pharmacological targets to treat inflammation. The prolyl-isomerase Pin1 is a ubiquitous enzyme involved in several functions, however, its role in neutrophil functions is less known. In this study, we show that the bacterial peptide N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP or fMLF), a G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) agonist-induced Pin1 activation in human neutrophils. PiB and juglone, two Pin1 inhibitors inhibited Pin1 activity in neutrophils and consequently inhibited fMLP-induced chemotaxis and -degranulation of azurophil and specific granules as measured by myeloperoxidase and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) release respectively. We also showed that PiB inhibited TNFα + fMLP-induced superoxide production, confirming the effect of juglone. These data show that inhibitors of Pin1 impaired key pro-inflammatory neutrophil functions elicited by GPCR activation and suggest that Pin1 could control neutrophil inflammatory functions.

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